First recorded in Berwickshire in the 12th century, the Clan Gordon have, since the 14th century, been associated with Aberdeenshire. Sir Adam (Lord of Gordon) was given the Lordship of Strathbogie by King Robert the Bruce for services in battle. As a clan they were powerful and waged war against neighbouring clans, and their chief was called "The Cock of the North". The Marquis of Huntly was Governor of Inverness Castle and his deputy, in 1562, refused Mary, Queen of Scots entry to that fortress. The Gordon Highlanders were raised in 1794 and Jane, Duchess of Gordon, who helped to obtain recruits, is traditionally said to have kissed each man as he enlisted. Aboyne Castle, in Aberdeenshire, is the home of the chief.
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